Tishtar, one of my most favorite names, is the name of the brightest
star, Sirius, in the night sky of our planet, the Earth, in ancient
In addition, there is a historical story behind this name:
Tiregan or Jashn-e
Tiregan is an ancient Iranian rain festival, observed on the first
of July. This festival is one of the four most widely celebrated
feasts (along with Mehregan,
Norooz) amongst Iranians.
This event is celebrated in July (the Tir Month of the
calendar) and refers to the archangel Tir (arrow) or Tishtar
(lightning bolt) who appeared in the sky to generate thunder and
lightning for much needed rain. Tir in modern Persian; Tishtar in
Middle Persian or Pahlavi; and
Avestan Tishtrya, is the
presiding over the Star Sirius, the brightest star in the night-time sky, and
of rain, and thus Tir Yazad especially invoked to enhance harvest
and counter drought (Av. Apaosha).
Legend says that Arash-e Kamangir was a man chosen to settle a land
dispute between two leaders,
Turan. Arash was to shoot his
arrow on the 13th day of Tir and where the arrow landed, there would
lie the border between the two kingdoms.
Turan, who had suffered from the lack of rain, and Iran rejoiced the
settlement of the borders, the peace and rain poured onto the two
countries. Today, some Iranians celebrate this occasion with
dancing, singing, reciting poetry and serving spinach soup and
Sholeh-zard. It has also been observed that during this celebration
children rejoice by swimming in streams and splashing water around.
The custom of tying rainbow-colored bands on their wrists, which are
worn for ten days and then thrown into a stream, is also a great way
to rejoice for kids.